Fading Treat Rewards
Treats help dogs learn new skills faster. Once they have learned the skill, it's not necessary to give them a treat every time they do it.
"My Dog only listens if I have Food"
Treats are used to teach a new skill, sharpen a skill, and maintain a skill. If you are not working on one of those, then treats aren't needed.
Follow these steps to keep your dog from becoming "treat dependent".
Be generous until the skill is well-learned
Dogs are more likely to become "treat dependent" when they get very few or low-value treats (ie milk bones) than if they get more and higher value treats (ie freeze-dried liver).
Dogs are always forming associations. If a cue (ie Come when called) is super exciting because they get lots and lots of super yummy treats, then they will associate the excitement and reward with the cue itself, even when they don't get a treat. It's just fun to do it! But, if they get one so-so treat and a half-smile every other time they come when called, they will associate the cue with something BORING. Then, when they're having fun chasing a squirrel and you've got nothing, they aren't going to come when you call.
Dogs also form associations about people. They know who is generous and who is stingy and will respond to them accordingly ;)
There's usually one person in a household the dog listens to the best. That person is the one who communicates the most clearly and is the most consistent with appropriate feedback (rewards, praise, redirection, etc.). Dogs also know if people are liars - promise them a treat and don't give it to them, and they ignore those people!
Don't rush the process
There is no hurry to fade out treats.
Wait until the behaviors are strong before fading. Food rewards are valuable tools just like leashes and collars, and it's not "cheating" to use them. It takes humans 12 years to graduate school. We can't expect dogs to know everything in only a few weeks. It takes about a year for a dog to get to competition obedience level, and 2-3 years to get to Service Dog level.
Be realistic with expectations!
Keep the treats out of sight
Make getting a treat unpredictable.
If your dog gets a treat ONLY when you are holding it, they may not follow a cue when you aren't holding a treat. Tell them what GOOD DOG they are when they get it right and then give a treat from your pocket or off the counter. They will learn that treats are still a possibility, even if they don't see one, and they will follow your cues just in case there is!
Use "Life Rewards"
There are plenty of things your dog finds rewarding other than food.
Getting to go outside, having the leash put on, going for a walk, going for a car ride, throwing a ball, playing tug, getting a belly scratch, and sniffing a bush are some examples. Ask your dog to follow a cue before giving access to these rewards.
This is how to use your dog's new skills in real-life situations for good behavior.
Be more stubborn than your dog is
Follow through when you ask your dog to do something.
If you tell your child they can only have dessert if they eat some vegetables, you stick to your guns. Otherwise, they learn that they don't have to eat any vegetables if they are willing to outlast you. Dogs are the same. If you tell them the leash doesn't go on until they Sit and Wait, don't give in because it's taking too long. They will learn that they don't have to Sit and Wait if they are willing to outlast you.
Keep giving treats randomly
People don't get addicted to vending machines, even though they get something back every time they put money in. People do get addicted to slot machines, even though they often get nothing back for putting their money in. Random rewards strengthen behaviors.
Even after you have faded the treats for a skill, give one every so often to keep the behavior strong!
Dogs used to be bred for a purpose. They had jobs to do like sheep herding, livestock guarding, home guarding, hunting, rodent control, and more. Now, dogs are mainly companions who share our homes, our couches, and our beds.
Thousands of years of genetics don't just change overnight, though. The instinct to herd, hunt, or guard can't be turned off because it's not convenient. These are not "behavior problems". They are behaviors by design.
Trying to suppress these natural instincts will lead to frustration for you AND your dog. It's good to know something about a breed before bringing one into your home. If you can't bear the thought of having a dead baby rabbit dropped at your feet, a terrier is probably not the right fit for you. If you want a dog who loves everyone, a guarding breed may not be the best choice. If you don't want a dog herding your children, it will be a whole lot easier to accomplish with a hound dog than with a herding breed.
Most of us don't have sheep, a barn infested with rats, or foxes to hunt. We have to find creative ways to safely meet our dog's needs. The answer isn't always taking longer walks. The more opportunities a dog has to fulfill their breed instincts, the happier they will be, and the happier you will be because they won't be eating your couch!
There are tons of dog sports for competition or just for fun at home.
These Facebook groups have super creative and inexpensive ideas for enrichment.
Subscription boxes like PupJoy and BarkBox are a fun way to try out new toys and treats. One dog's trash is another dog's treasure.
Some of our Favorites...
No toy or chew is 100% safe. You know your dog best. Watch how they play with it to determine if it is safe for your dog. Watch for squeakers!